Centos 7 一键优化

2019年1月14日16:57:38 发表评论 199 views

现在是互联网时代,云计算强势,对于2-3W的服务器,我们更愿意租用公有云,它让我们便利,快捷,节约成本,所以现在大家都自己搞博客,网站,论坛,学习网站,但新购机器,我们第一步就是要对购买的机器,进行系统基础部分的优化,为了帮助小伙伴更快的体验,故产生了此篇文章。

Linux-系统优化Centos 6/7 配置详解

一、系统优化脚本

#!/bin/bash
#author junxi by 
#this script is only for CentOS 7.x
#check the OS

platform=`uname -i`
if [ $platform != "x86_64" ];then 
echo "this script is only for 64bit Operating System !"
exit 1
fi
echo "the platform is ok"
cat << EOF
+---------------------------------------+
|   your system is CentOS 7 x86_64      |
|      start optimizing.......          |
+---------------------------------------
EOF

#添加公网DNS地址
cat >> /etc/resolv.conf << EOF
nameserver 223.6.6.6
EOF
#Yum源更换为国内阿里源
yum install wget -y
mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo

#添加阿里的epel源
#add the epel
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo

#yum重新建立缓存
yum clean all
yum makecache
#同步时间
yum -y install ntp
/usr/sbin/ntpdate cn.pool.ntp.org
echo "* 4 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate cn.pool.ntp.org > /dev/null 2>&1" >> /var/spool/cron/root
systemctl  restart crond.service

#设置主机名
hostnamectl   set-hostname qiuyuetao

#设置字符集

#设置最大打开文件描述符数
echo "ulimit -SHn 102400" >> /etc/rc.local
cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf << EOF
*           soft   nofile       655350
*           hard   nofile       655350
EOF


#禁用selinux
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
setenforce 0

#关闭防火墙
systemctl disable firewalld.service 
systemctl stop firewalld.service 

#set ssh
sed -i 's/^GSSAPIAuthentication yes$/GSSAPIAuthentication no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i 's/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
systemctl  restart sshd.service


#内核参数优化
cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf << EOF
#CTCDN系统优化参数
#关闭ipv6
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1
#决定检查过期多久邻居条目
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_stale_time=120
#使用arp_announce / arp_ignore解决ARP映射问题
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_announce=2
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_announce=2
# 避免放大攻击
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1
# 开启恶意icmp错误消息保护
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1
#关闭路由转发
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
#开启反向路径过滤
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
#处理无源路由的包
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
#关闭sysrq功能
kernel.sysrq = 0
#core文件名中添加pid作为扩展名
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
# 开启SYN洪水攻击保护
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
#修改消息队列长度
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
#设置最大内存共享段大小bytes
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
#timewait的数量,默认180000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096        87380   4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096        16384   4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
#每个网络接口接收数据包的速率比内核处理这些包的速率快时,允许送到队列的数据包的最大数目
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
#限制仅仅是为了防止简单的DoS 攻击
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
#未收到客户端确认信息的连接请求的最大值
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
#内核放弃建立连接之前发送SYNACK 包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
#内核放弃建立连接之前发送SYN 包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
#启用timewait 快速回收
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#开启重用。允许将TIME-WAIT sockets 重新用于新的TCP 连接
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1
#当keepalive 起用的时候,TCP 发送keepalive 消息的频度。缺省是2 小时
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1800
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 15
#允许系统打开的端口范围
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024    65000
#修改防火墙表大小,默认65536
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=655350
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established=1200
# 确保无人能修改路由表
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
EOF
/sbin/sysctl -p

#vim定义退格键可删除最后一个字符类型
echo 'alias vi=vim' >> /etc/profile
echo 'stty erase ^H' >> /etc/profile
cat >> /root/.vimrc << EOF
set tabstop=4
set shiftwidth=4
set expandtab
syntax on
"set number
EOF

#update soft
yum -y update 

cat << EOF
+-------------------------------------------------+
|                优 化 已 完 成             |
|             5s 后 重启 这台服务器 !       |
+-------------------------------------------------+
EOF

sleep 5

reboot  ##重启加载内核修改

脚本中并未提及内核升级,如果您需要升级到4.10 ,请执行命令

rpm --import https://www.elrepo.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-elrepo.org
rpm -Uvh http://www.elrepo.org/elrepo-release-7.0-2.el7.elrepo.noarch.rpm
yum --enablerepo=elrepo-kernel install kernel-ml -y&&
sed -i s/saved/0/g /etc/default/grub&&
grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg && reboot
#不重启不生效!

完!!!!

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